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While allocations to India's national sanitation campaign to eradicate open defecation have increased considerably, budget tracking shows that release of funds to states and households is too slow.

TitleSwachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM), GOI, 2016-17
Publication TypeBriefing Note
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsKapur, A, P. Choudhury, R, Srinivas, V
Secondary TitleBudget briefs
Date Published10/2016
PublisherAccountability Initiative, Centre for Policy Research
Place PublishedNew Delhi, India
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywordsbudget tracking, national level

The Swacch Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM) is India's national sanitation campaign to eradicate open defecation by 2019. Using government data, this brief reports on trends for SBM Gramin along the following parameters:

  • allocations and expenditures
  • physical progress of toilets built
  • expenditures incurred under Information, Education and Communication (IEC) activities

In addition, this brief reports findings from a fund tracking survey (PAISA) conducted in December 2015. The survey covered close to 7,500 Households, spread across 10 districts and 5 states in India (Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Madya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan).

Main findings

While allocations for SBM-Gramin increased over three-fold for FY 2016-17 compared to FY 2014-15, release of funds to states has been slow. Funds for Information, Education and Communication (IEC) activities dropped from 4% to only 1% of total expenditure in the same period. In the last two years, less than 50 per cent of eligible households who had applied to SBM for a toilet construction grant actually received it. Most households were unaware of the Swachhata Doots (hygiene or cleanliness promoters) in their village.

Citation Key82278



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