|Title||Decentralised drinking water service delivery : a public private partnership of water purification units in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh|
|Publication Type||Briefing Note|
|Authors||Vedala, SC, Jasthi, S, Uddaraju, S, Shiva, R|
|Place Published||The Hague, The Netherlands|
Community Water Plus, a research project, has investigated twenty case studies of successful community managed rural water supply programmes across 17 states in India. Through these case studies, the research has gained insight into the type and amount of support to community organisations that is needed, and the resources implications of this 'plus' – in terms of money, staffing, and other factors.
The widespread prevalence of groundwater fluoride in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh is causing serious health problems like dental and skeletal fluorosis. The State-funded decentralised water programmes have improved the water accessibility, but the single-village schemes that use groundwater are susceptible to chemical and biological contamination. In response to increasing demand for good quality potable drinking water, innovative models of professionally-managed but community-owned decentralised drinking water service delivery have emerged in the region. This report presents case studies from three models with predominance of community management: Bala Vikasa, the Naandi Foundation and the Safe Water Network Modern Architects for Rural India (SWN-MARI). These are complementing the ongoing base level water service being provided by the state water agencies. Water filter plants are set up with community contribution, which are being managed by water committees or water operators and are delivering high level of service.