The Transform WASH Activity in Ethiopia has significantly contributed to advancing market-based sanitation approaches and promoting gender equality and female empowerment.
|Title||Performance evaluation of the USAID/Ethiopia Transform Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) activity : final report|
|Publication Type||Progress Report|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||Caplan, K, Assefa, DD, Mussa, M, Meleskachew, A, Legesse, Y., Shebru, B, Cord, C, Goldberg, E, Henry, L, van der Voorden, C, Chennuri, S, Israel, M|
|Pagination||ix, 50 p. : 10 fig., 1 map, 2 tab.|
|Publisher||USAID Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Partnerships and Learning for Sustainability (WASHPaLS) #2 Activity|
|Place Published||Washington, DC, USA|
|Keywords||demand creation, evaluation, household surveys|
This report provides the findings from a performance evaluation, carried out by Tetra Tech, of the Transform WASH Activity to understand key contributions to advancing market-based sanitation (MBS) approaches in Ethiopia. The performance evaluation sought to understand the effectiveness of demand creation activities, approaches to advancing MBS, Transform WASH contributions to good governance, and how gender equality and female empowerment were incorporated into the design and implementation of the activity. A household survey brought quantitative data to inform the qualitative assessment.
The evaluation findings confirmed that the USAID-funded activity has made much appreciated and significant contributions to advancing MBS as a bona fide approach in Ethiopia. Through advocacy and convening efforts, a close working relationship with government, and shared constructive research and analysis, Transform WASH has shifted skeptical attitudes toward MBS and helped shape MBS-related Government of Ethiopia policies and approaches. Through learning by doing, Transform WASH has provided a practical demonstration of the National MBS Implementation Guidelines.
In particular, the activity has facilitated the manufacturing and distribution of a wide range of sanitation products that are appreciated by consumers and created greater linkages across the service delivery supply chain. It has enhanced mechanisms to increase access to sanitation products and services including for low-income households. Through Transform WASH, business partners have developed knowledge and skills to expand their customer base, diversify income sources, provide job opportunities for others in the community, and develop into profitable enterprises. The activity has demonstrated that women can be successful in this conventionally male-dominated construction sector. [author abstract]
Includes 20 ref.