|Title||Full-chain sanitation services that last: non-sewered sanitation services|
|Publication Type||Progress Report|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Verhagen, J, Carrasco, M|
|Pagination||14 p. : boxes, 1 fig., 2 tab.|
|Place Published||The Hague, The Netherlands|
|Keywords||behaviour, faecal sludge management [FSM], latrines, models, on-site disposal, planning, policies, sanitation services, sustainability|
This paper sets out a framework for the delivery of non-sewered sanitation services that last, are accessible to all and are at scale. The framework is based on IRC International Water and Sanitation’s (IRC) experience and lessons learnt from its engagement in non-sewered sanitation service at scale.
For IRC, sanitation is a public good. Hence, national and local governments have a key responsibility to ensure that sanitation services last for all. Any sanitation service model needs to address the full sanitation chain, which includes safe and hygienic collection, storage, and safe and final disposal or the productive uses of faecal sludge.
The framework identifies four key parameters for sustainable sanitation services:
Four components underpin the four key parameters above, which help to ensure the continuous use of a sanitation service by all members of a community:
Sanitation services need to include all four key components noted above in order to provide a sustainable service. In addition, all the components need to be interlinked: with increasing sanitation coverage, the focus of a sanitation service needs to shift from increasing access to and use of latrines (getting onto the sanitation ladder) to O&M and the safe disposal or productive uses of faecal sludge. This assumes that the four components will evolve over time.
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