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TitleTown water supply and sanitation
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsPilgrim, N, Roche, R, Revels, C, Kingdom, W, Kalbermatten, J
Paginationvii, 87 p. : boxes, fig., tab.
Date Published2004-09-01
PublisherBank-Netherlands Water Partnership (BNWP)
Place PublishedWashington, DC, USA
Keywordsdesign, infrastructure, planning, policies, sanitation, sdipol, small towns, water demand, water management, water supply

This report is a first attempt to set out a strategy for water supply and sanitation in towns in the 2,000 to 50,000 population range, which generally fall within the "management gap"between the two, relatively well established approaches to managing rural and urban water supply and sanitation services. These towns face special challenges in the provision of their water and sanitation services. The demand for differentiated technologies - piped water supply in the core, alternative technologies in the fringe areas - and the often rapid, unpredictable water demand and spatial growth requires planning, design and management skills that exceed "rural" community-based management approaches. But, unlike larger towns or cities, these smaller towns lack the financial and human resources to independently plan, finance, manage and operate their water and sanitation systems. The strategy proposed in this report addresses these main elements of success. It is set out in terms of sound management structures, appropriate design and financing, effective professional support, and contracting to secure continuity in professional support. A business planning concept is presented that integrates these four aspects of service provision, and provides a tool to build the capacity of utility managers (service provision) and town administrators (regulatory oversight). A final set of policy recommendations and actions for government / project planners and for towns is outlined.

NotesIncludes references
Custom 1202.3


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