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This document is a guide to orient UNICEF country staff to support governments to strengthen the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) enabling environment (EE), focusing on key WASH sector governance functions. 

TitleStrengthening enabling environment for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) : guidance note
Publication TypeManual
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsTsetse, D, Kouassi-Komlan, E, Scharp, C, Hutton, G, Hernandez, O, Sheriff, T, Berry, R, Perez, E
Paginationix, 48 p. : 6 fig., 2 tab.
Date Published05/2016
Place PublishedNew York, NY, USA
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywordstheories of change

This document is a guide to orient UNICEF country staff to support governments to strengthen the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) enabling environment (EE). The guidance it provides is applicable to WASH subsectors, 

This document focuses on key WASH sector governance functions that are grouped as follows: 1) sector policy and strategy; 2) institutional arrangements (covering sector coordination, service delivery arrangements, regulation and accountability); 3) planning, monitoring and review (covering separately sector planning and sector monitoring, evaluation and learning); 4) sector budgeting and financing; and 5) sector capacity development. The core WASH EE functions are aligned with those used in the revised and improved UNICEF WASH Bottleneck Analysis Tool (BAT).

Within the context of UNICEF's Strategy for WASH (2016-2030), this guide describes a 'Theory of Change' (TOC) that defines long-term goals for the WASH sector and identifies the preconditions needed to accomplish them. Strengthen EE is one of six programming approaches of the Strategic Framework.

The document also proposes a six step process for UNICEF, government and development partners to systematically strengthen the EE.


Includes 134 ref.

Citation Key82739


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