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TitleSanitation services for the urban poor : symposium background paper : IRC symposium : sanitation for the urban poor partnerships and governance, Delft, The Netherlands, 19-21 November 2008
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsVerhagen, J, Ryan, P
Pagination20 p. : 6 boxes, 2 fig., 2 tab.
Date Published2008-11-01
Place PublishedDelft, The Netherlands
Keywordsaccess to sanitation, disadvantaged groups, sanitation, sdiman, urban areas

This paper addresses sanitation for the urban poor from a service delivery perspective. It argues that urban sanitation services should consider:

  • The entire sanitation chain: confinement (the toilet seat and safe storage under the seat), removal and transportation of faecal sludge, subsequent treatment and disposal or re-use.
  • The service delivery process: planning, construction, operation and maintenance, and subsequent renewal of service delivery elements.
  • Both hardware and software elements, particularly hygienic behaviour.

The paper examines the broader urban context as well as sanitation specific issues. This paper is central to the symposium – it is designed to draw together some of the key arguments from the main papers being presented and to provoke participants into a response. Two key questions have been formulated to help guide examination of the cases that are to be presented and discussed during the symposium:

  • Is the approach or methodology well embedded in the urban environment, so having the potential to be scaled up?
  • Whose shit is it, how is it dealt with it and who foots the bill?

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