Sanitation service levels: assessing services in rural and peri-urban Mozambique|
Year of Publication|
Potter, A, Uandela, A, Naafs, A|
16 p. : 6 fig., 12 tab.|
The Hague, the Netherlands|
WASHCost has developed a range of indicators to cover service levels associated with sanitation facilities and used them to provide a wider ranging and more nuanced assessment of sanitation facilities available to Mozambicans than traditional measures which focus solely on the available toilet technology.
Scoring against these indicators result in one of four service levels (improved, basic, limited and no service) applied to four parameters (access, use, reliability and environmental protection).
Using these wider service level measures, WASHCost's findings from surveys conducted in 2010 regarding sanitation in rural and peri-urban Mozambique suggest the following:
Access: 7% of rural and 38% of peri-urban Mozambicans have basic access to a sanitation service.
The difference between WASHCost service level results and MICS findings on the use of different sanitation technologies could support the assertion that more sophisticated technologies do not necessarily imply better services.
This assertion is further supported by the finding that taking into account the four parameters of access, use, reliability and environmental protection, all technologies aside from traditional latrines, can only achieve a basic service.
These findings support the contention that sophisticated technologies do not necessarily result in better service levels, and that reliability and use are more useful indicators of actual services received.
This Briefing Note describes and discusses these findings in more detail.