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Sanitation in developing countries : integrated solutions, including financial options : contribution to Sanitation for the urban poor, partnerships...

Small-scale independent providers (SSIPs) and households provide 10 to 69% of the household water supply and sometimes up to 95% of the sanitation solutions in cities in developing countries. Different types of SSIP can be distinguished. They could make a more important contribution to drinking water and sanitation in a situation where many governments are not able to supply drinking water and sanitary services. Theoretical and practical arguments are used to explain why private sector involvement (PSI) is more frequent in sanitation than in drinking water. The issue how to improve the efficiency in sanitation will be raised by looking at possibilities to unbundle sanitation, to use technological innovations and to bring in more competition. The need for alternative technologies and sources of finance is stressed, since a full fledge sewerage system in every Third world city would just contribute to increased foreign debt in many countries. (authors abstract)

TitleSanitation in developing countries : integrated solutions, including financial options : contribution to Sanitation for the urban poor, partnerships...
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsDijk, M.P. van
Pagination14 p.; 17 refs.; 7 tab.; 2 fig.; 2 boxes
Date Published2008-11-19
PublisherIRC
Place PublishedDelft, The Netherlands
Keywordsaccess to sanitation, access to water, developing countries, drinking water, private sector, sanitation, small-scale activities, water agencies, water supply
Abstract

Small-scale independent providers (SSIPs) and households provide 10 to 69% of the household water supply and sometimes up to 95% of the sanitation solutions in cities in developing countries. Different types of SSIP can be distinguished. They could make a more important contribution to drinking water and sanitation in a situation where many governments are not able to supply drinking water and sanitary services. Theoretical and practical arguments are used to explain why private sector involvement (PSI) is more frequent in sanitation than in drinking water. The issue how to improve the efficiency in sanitation will be raised by looking at possibilities to unbundle sanitation, to use technological innovations and to bring in more competition. The need for alternative technologies and sources of finance is stressed, since a full fledge sewerage system in every Third world city would just contribute to increased foreign debt in many countries. (authors abstract)

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The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.