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TitleReflecting group processes : a resource document on participatory techniques for water supply and sanitation projects
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsEspejo, N, Sorensson, M
Paginationca. 250 p.: ill.
Date Published1993-01-01
Place PublishedThe Hague, The Netherlands
Keywordscommunity development, community management, community participation, decision making, evaluation, group work, hyedpar, information gathering, man3, monitoring, participatory methods, planning, projects, sanitation, social processes, sustpar, training, water supply

This resource document, in the form of a reader, is designed to act as a tool for professionals intending to facilitate group activities in water supply and sanitation (WSS) projects. It is based on existing literature on participatory techniques and group process approaches, as well as the practical current experience of IRC staff. The first section describes some concepts concerning the aspect of "process" and the facilitator's role. The second section presents selected techniques, ideas and concepts to stimulate the group process in a number of activities in WSS projects. The activities chosen also follow the project cycle. A set of selected participatory techniques and concepts have been included within each activity. Section two covers the following: initiating the project; getting to know the group; identifying needs; working out expectations/benefits; facilitating group discussions; posing questions; interpreting messages; giving feed-back; collecting information; elaborating aids; planning activities; making decisions; solving group conflicts; solving problems; and understanding group leadership. Section three has three parts covering: monitoring; evaluating; and agency disengages from the project. There is also an appendix with an evaluation form for a chosen technique.

Notes29 ref.
Custom 1205.1


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