|Title||Public standpipe design and maintenance for rural South Africa|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||Haarhoff, J, Rietveld, L|
|Pagination||p. 6-14 : 13 fig.|
|Keywords||construction, costs, design, guidelines, maintenance, public standposts, rural supply systems, sdiwat, south africa|
This paper makes some suggestions towards the improved design of public standpipes, which contribute about 1% or less to the overall cost of rural water-supply systems. The paper systematically enumerates the many, often straightforward factors that determine the eventual level of service provided by the public standpipe. The results of three field surveys conducted in 21 Venda villages during 2006, 2007 and 2008 illustrate these factors. A number of quantitative guidelines become evident. Finally, the paper shows that significant improvements can be made to standpipe design, construction and maintenance with a negligible impact on the overall cost of rural water-supply systems.