In July 2012, a team from RTI International, with assistance and guidance from Eawag/Sandec, deployed to the Philippines to evaluate four fecal sludge management (FSM) programs with the goal of reporting on best practices and lessons learned. FSM includes the collection, transport, reuse, and disposal of septic tank sludge and is seen as a starting point for cities interested in improving sanitation. The four cases—(1) Dumaguete City, (2) San Fernando City, (3) Maynilad Water for the West Zone of Metro Manila, and (4) Manila Water for the East Zone of Metro Manila—were chosen to highlight their different approaches to implementing FSM. The information gathered provides insight into how other cities in developing countries can utilize best practices to achieve sustainable FSM programs. [authors abstract]
|Title||Opportunities in fecal sludge management for cities in developing countries : experiences from the Philippines|
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