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TitleKenya climate change briefing
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsHeath, T
Pagination4 p. : 2 tab.; 3 fig.
Date Published2010-01-01
PublisherWater and Sanitation for the Urban Poor, WSUP
Place PublishedLondon, UK
Keywordsaccess to water, climate, drinking water, kenya, water, water management, water quantity, water resources, water resources development, water resources management, water shortage, water supply

Kenya has a tropical climate moderated by diverse topography in the west. The central highlands are substantially cooler than the coast and temperatures vary little throughout the year – dropping 2 degrees Celsius in the coolest seasons (June to September). Rainfall is driven by the migration of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone and occurs in two distinct wet periods – the ‘short’ rains (October to December) and the ‘long’ rains (March to May). During these seasons the rainfall received is generally 50 - 200 mm per month, exceeding 300 mm in some locations. The onset, duration and intensity vary considerably each year. Kenya is very sensitive to fluctuations in sea-surface temperatures in the tropical Atlantic and Indian Oceans, which in turn are loosely coupled to the El Niño Southern Oscillation; in El Niño years the ‘short’ rains are longer and there is flooding whilst in the alternate La Niña years the ‘long’ rains are drier and there may be droughts. [author's abstract]

Notes12 ref.
Custom 1210, 300



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