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TitleConcept paper : promotion of sanitation in Uganda
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsKampala, UGUNICEF-, UG, UMinistry o
Paginationii, 27 p. + annexes (3 p.) : boxes, 13 fig.
Date Published1997-06-01
PublisherUganda, Ministry of Health
Place PublishedKampala, Uganda
Keywordsfinancing, gender, health education, health impact, hygiene, institutional framework, policies, sanitation, sdiafr, sdipol, sdisan, socioeconomic impact, uganda

There are major links between sanitation and development. No other single intervention can do so much to improve health and socio-economic development. Unfortunately, sanitation promotion, lacking sufficient investment, has been marginalized both globally and in Uganda where latrine coverage has dropped from 90-95% in the 1960s to an average of 47.6% (1994). After outlining the global picture on sanitation, this concept paper on the promotion of sanitation in Uganda, details the present situation there by describing hygiene practices, latrine coverage, and water collection, handling and storage and by graphing statistical analysis on such subjects as diarrhoeal disease awareness and average faecal coliform counts in domestic water samples. The effects of poor sanitation in Uganda are outlined and include the socio-economic costs, especially through work days lost due to diseases that improved sanitation can prevent; environmental costs; poor performance in education, notable the female dropout rate through lack of separate latrine facilities for boys and girls; and reduced health status with sanitation related diseases being the major causes of mortality and morbidity. The paper analyses the major obstacles to improved sanitation in Uganda and concludes that lack of bureaucratic will and technical support, lack of political will, lack of adequate sanitation legislation, lack of policy and guidelines, lack of appropriate technical options, lack of resources, lack of collaboration and co-operation, and lack of a concerted community effort to improve sanitation have all been important factors. The document advocates the establishment of an accelerated and comprehensive national sanitation programme to raise the profile of sanitation and to make sanitation a priority responsibility for all Ugandans. This programme should be supported by the development of a national sanitation policy and guidelines, the preparation of detailed project profiles, and the convening of a donor pledging conference.

Notes51 ref.
Custom 1302.3, 824



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