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Published on: 07/03/2013

Rural pipe water schemes, popularly known as small town water schemes, are associated with a wide range of capital expenditure and a limited understanding of what could be the key cost drivers of these systems.

This briefing note, No. 11, focuses on identifying some of the major cost drivers of capital expenditure using 39 small towns pipe water schemes in Ghana. This series provide insight for better planning and predicting the cost of technology options, which is useful for planning.


Ghana's National Community Water and Sanitation Programme (NCWSP), launched in 1994 has contributed to achieving the water target of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The NCWSP has two main
approaches for rural water service delivery, which are water point systems (i.e. boreholes fitted with hand pumps), and pipe water schemes. Pipe water schemes are used to accelerate rural water coverage for populations ranging from 2,000 to 50,000 inhabitants as a single village or multi village scheme. Single village piped scheme become more economical when population is greater than 2,000.

The multi village piped water schemes are useful for clusters of communities or villages and towns (also peri-urban) when there is difficulty getting in a good and reliable water sources due to hydro-geological conditions.

Cost drivers of capital investment of small towns water schemes (Briefing Note 11)


March 7, 2013.,k

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