Various countries in Latin America have begun monitoring rural water supply service delivery, driven by two objectives: 1) to establish rural water inventories for investment planning, and 2) to target post-construction support. A methodology to define an institutional framework for monitoring was developed in order to avoid problems with the sustainability of the monitoring systems themselves.
The tool is developed to determine faecal waste volumes along the entire sanitation service chain, allowing city planners, service authorities or any other users to determine where the biggest losses are and where interventions should be targeted. Less easily quantifiable issues such as the existence of policies and legislation, availability and transparency of plans and budgets, presence and adherence to environmental and safety standards are captured with the use of score cards.
Self-supply, where households or small groups of households take the lead in the development and improvement of their own water supplies is now a recognised approach to realising universal access to safe water in Ethiopia.These guidelines support planning and implementation of activities to enhance and accelerate self-supply at regional, zonal and woreda levels.
The SMF/SI measures the likelihood of a sustainable WASH service or hygiene behaviour. It investigates if are all the requirements are present needed to ensure a sustainable service. This includes the enabling environment (policy, strategy, capacities, attitudes, behaviours etc.).
The Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) is a decision support tool on the applicability, scalability and sustainability of a specific WASH technology to provide lasting services in a specific context and on the readiness for its introduction.
The TIP gives guidance for countries on how to develop country-based technology validation and introduction guidelines and how to apply them so that the sector can learn and develop in terms of innovation.
The Community Water Plus research project studies a sample of twenty of the most successful community-managed rural water programmes in India, examining what type, extent and style of supporting organisations that are prevalent in the rural water supply chain and the resource implications of this. The conceptual framework and methodology described in this working paper are believed to be of relevance beyond this specific research project, and can be used by other studies into support to community-managed rural water supplies.