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TitleWillingness to pay for water in rural Punjab, Pakistan
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication1992
AuthorsAltaf, A, Jamal, H, Whittington, D
Secondary TitleWater and sanitation report
Volumeno. 4
Paginationxv, 161 p.: fig., map, tab.
Date Published1992-01-01
PublisherWorld Bank
Place PublishedWashington, DC, USA
Keywordsaccess to water, cab92/6, cost recovery, economic aspects, interviews, pakistan punjab, piped distribution, safe water supply, willingness to pay

During 1988 and 1989, a study was carried out by the University of Karachi in three groundwater districts of rural Punjab, Pakistan, to determine the willingness to pay for improved water service levels. The three groundwater areas consisted of a sweet groundwater area, with a relatively more affluent population, a brackish groundwater area, which represented the average area, and an arid area which had a less affluent population. The villages chosen for the study had populations exceeding 5000 inhabitants. The capital costs of public water supply projects are borne by the government. The responsibility for operation and maintenance rests with the District or Union Councils, but in reality is assumed by the Public Health Engineering Department. At present, many of the inhabitants in the sweet and brackish groundwater areas already have private electric handpumps and overhead reservoir systems, and are providing their households with showers, flush toilets and indoor plumbing. The level of expenditure for these systems was judged sufficient to pay for an entire public piped water system serving 100% of the households. It was found that the majority of households were in favour of paying a reasonable amount for water systems, even in the less affluent area. The problem foreseen in this study was one of reluctance to participate on the part of the householders either on an operational or managerial level.

Notes7 references
Custom 1264.0, 822




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