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What influences open defecation and latrine ownership in rural households?: findings from a global review

This review collects the results from formative quantitative and qualitative research reports and presentations from eight countries: Cambodia, India (Rajasthan, Meghalaya, and Bihar), Indonesia (East Java), Kenya, Malawi, Peru, Tanzania, and Uganda. Studies were conducted from 2006 until 2012. The studies reviewed used a variety of methods, including focus group discussions, in-depth interviews, and structured interviews using questionnaires. Findings presented in this report illustrate themes that were consistently found across regions and countries. The most salient factors influencing rural sanitation behaviors that emerged from the review include access to and availability of functioning latrines, sanitation products, and services; latrine product attributes (for example, perceptions of cleanliness and durability); social norms around open defecation; perceptions of latrine affordability; self-efficacy to build latrines; and competing priorities for other household items. [authors abstract]

TitleWhat influences open defecation and latrine ownership in rural households?: findings from a global review
Publication TypeProgress Report
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsO'Connell, K
Secondary TitleWorking paper / WSP
Document Number90044
Pagination38 p. : 9 boxes.; 11 fig.;
Date Published08/2014
PublisherWater and Sanitation Program (WSP)
Place PublishedWashington, DC, USA
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywordsaccess to water, behavior change, collect water, Demand for Sanitation, drinking water, effective sanitation, latrines, sanitation
Abstract

This review collects the results from formative quantitative and qualitative research reports and presentations from eight countries: Cambodia, India (Rajasthan, Meghalaya, and Bihar), Indonesia (East Java), Kenya, Malawi, Peru, Tanzania, and Uganda. Studies were conducted from 2006 until 2012. The studies reviewed used a variety of methods, including focus group discussions, in-depth interviews, and structured interviews using questionnaires. Findings presented in this report illustrate themes that were consistently found across regions and countries. The most salient factors influencing rural sanitation behaviors that emerged from the review include access to and availability of functioning latrines, sanitation products, and services; latrine product attributes (for example, perceptions of cleanliness and durability); social norms around open defecation; perceptions of latrine affordability; self-efficacy to build latrines; and competing priorities for other household items. [authors abstract]

Disclaimer

The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.