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Water and sanitation : a baseline survey : a consolidated report

One of the main concerns of the Indian Government since Independence has been raising the quality of life and health of the people. Recognizing that the supply of safe drinking water and provision of sanitation are the most important contributing factors for improving the health of the people, the Indian Government has over the years mobilized funds and efforts for water and sanitation programmes but they have not yielded the desired impact on the health of the general population. To provide a scientific basis for understanding the prevailing situation regarding water and sanitation in rural India, a nation-wide baseline survey, requested by the Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission, was carried out by the Indian Institute of Mass Communication. The survey, conducted in 65 districts of 25 states during 1996-97, used as many as 10 instruments to generate valuable information on various aspects of water and sanitation programmes. Its general objectives were to provide baseline against which the effectiveness and success of water and sanitation programmes could be assessed and to provide background data and insights at the district level for evolving a suitable IEC (Information, Education and Communication) programme and strategy. The key findings and their IEC implications emerging from this study are presented in this report in sections on water related beliefs and practices, sanitation related beliefs and practices, access to information and communication, and negligence of service users and providers. In each section, various dimensions or parameters of problems are described on the basis of statewide facts and figures. (Tables are provided in annexes). In each section, key findings or observations are highlighted. The IEC model emerging from these findings is presented at the end.

TitleWater and sanitation : a baseline survey : a consolidated report
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsIndia. Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission -IN, Indian Institute of Mass Communication -New Delhi, IN
Pagination52 p. + annex (ca. 30 p.) : 28 tab.
Date Published1998-01-01
PublisherIndian Institute of Mass Communication
Place PublishedNew Delhi, India
Keywordsbaseline studies, beliefs, communication, education, india, indicators, information gathering, kap surveys, safe water supply, sanitation, sdiasi, sdicom
Abstract

One of the main concerns of the Indian Government since Independence has been raising the quality of life and health of the people. Recognizing that the supply of safe drinking water and provision of sanitation are the most important contributing factors for improving the health of the people, the Indian Government has over the years mobilized funds and efforts for water and sanitation programmes but they have not yielded the desired impact on the health of the general population. To provide a scientific basis for understanding the prevailing situation regarding water and sanitation in rural India, a nation-wide baseline survey, requested by the Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission, was carried out by the Indian Institute of Mass Communication. The survey, conducted in 65 districts of 25 states during 1996-97, used as many as 10 instruments to generate valuable information on various aspects of water and sanitation programmes. Its general objectives were to provide baseline against which the effectiveness and success of water and sanitation programmes could be assessed and to provide background data and insights at the district level for evolving a suitable IEC (Information, Education and Communication) programme and strategy. The key findings and their IEC implications emerging from this study are presented in this report in sections on water related beliefs and practices, sanitation related beliefs and practices, access to information and communication, and negligence of service users and providers. In each section, various dimensions or parameters of problems are described on the basis of statewide facts and figures. (Tables are provided in annexes). In each section, key findings or observations are highlighted. The IEC model emerging from these findings is presented at the end.

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The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.