The Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved its first water policy, Water for All, in 2001 and in 2005 began conducting a Comprehensive Policy
Implementation Review (hereafter referred to as the Review). WaterAid sees the Review as an opportunity to engage with a major regional sector
stakeholder and decided to undertake this study to feed into the Review. WaterAid aimed to use the study to provide an informed, evidence-based
input to the Review process and to use the findings to seek changes to ADB’s project design, implementation and evaluation procedures so that ADB
supported projects ensure sustainable water supply and sanitation services for the poor. The study looked at 11 ADB supported water supply and sanitation (WSS) projects in Bangladesh, India and Nepal. A common methodology was followed to allow for an examination of the same themes in each country. The themes examined related to ADB’s involvement in the WSS sector; the effectiveness of ADB projects in ensuring sustainable
services for the poor; monitoring and evaluation systems and what they tell ADB about serving the poor; the financial implications of ADB project funding; and implementation of certain policy actions from the ADB water policy. The methodology included a combination of primary data, collected in 21 villages/towns/cities, and a review of documents. Eight consultation meetings were held to discuss the findings with local stakeholders, including Civil Society Organisations. A series of four workshops were held to plan the research and discuss the findings with participation of WaterAid, ADB, consultants, a Peer Review Group and Civil Society Organisations.