Description of the development of the ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine or Blair latrine in Zimbabwe where the VIP latrine is a national institution.
|VIP latrines in Zimbabwe : from local innovation to global sanitation solution
|Year of Publication
|Field note / WSP
|8 p. : tab., photogr.
|Water and Sanitation Program - African Region
|appropriate technology, awareness raising, blue gold building african solutions for water sanitation and hygiene, decentralization, financing, health education, hygiene, integrated rural water supply and sanitation programme (irwss) (zimbabwe), rural areas, sdiafr, sdisan, ventilated improved pit latrines, zimbabwe
Description of the development of the ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine or Blair latrine in Zimbabwe where the VIP latrine is a national institution. Invented by the Ministry of Health's Blair Research Laboratory in 1973 the VIP latrine is still the sanitation technology of choice for most rural households in Zimbabwe. It became the standard sanitation technology and was implemented at a large scale by the government's rural water supply and sanitation programme. In the 1990s NGO's took over the government's role, especially in the introduction of lower-cost VIP latrine design. The training of thousands of VIP latrine builders, the involvement of many government staff and the inclusion in the school curriculum have enhanced its reputation and support, Hygiene promotion and health education have been central to the impact the VIP latrine has made in Zimbabwe. Since its invention more than 500,000 VIP latrines have been built. The document includes the lessons learned in the almost 30 years of using this technology.