This paper describes a study which took place in two villages in north-east district of Botswana from July 1990 through July 1991.
|Title||Understanding of hygiene behaviour and diarrhoea in two villages in Botswana|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1996|
|Authors||Drasar, BS, Kaltenthaler, EC|
|Keywords||behaviour, beliefs, botswana, diarrhoeal diseases, hand washing, health education, hygiene, kap surveys, rural areas, sdiafr, sdihyg|
This paper describes a study which took place in two villages in north-east district of Botswana from July 1990 through July 1991. Qualitative data collection methods were used including: observations, key-informant interviews, focus groups, and in-depth interviews. The data were used for understanding and interpreting the cultural belief systems regarding specific hygiene behaviours and diarrhoea, with emphasis on hand washing. Hand washing was said to occur for three main reasons: to remove contamination, for social reasons, and for comfort reasons. Sources of dirt on the hands included human blood and faeces. Many perceived causes of diarrhoea were identified. Traditional concepts regarding the treatment and prevention of diarrhoea were also identified. It is suggested that beliefs surrounding hygiene behaviour and diarrhoea should be incorporated into health education programmes.