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TitleTotal sanitation campaign: progress and issues: situational analysis of Andhra Pradesh with reference to total sanitation campaign
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsSnehalatha, M, Anitha, V
Secondary TitleWASHCost-CESS Working Paper
Pagination40 p.; 12 fig.; 8 tab.; 3 boxes
Date Published2011-05-01
PublisherWASHCost team, Hyderabad, IN
Place PublishedHyderabad, India
Keywordsaccess to sanitation, india andhra pradesh, sanitation, sanitation services, use of facilities, WASHCost

The total sanitation campaign (TSC) is the flagship sanitation programme of the government of India to reach the millennium development goals. But this program has not yet achieved its set targets. This paper has tried to address some key research questions like will India and Andhra Pradesh achieve the millennium development goal of Sanitation ? Are the TSC targets realistic? What is coverage and usage status of the sanitation facilities etc. Analysis of secondary data is available, the budget and plan
documents and WASHCost research field studies were used to draw the conclusions. The field studies reveal that open defecation is rampant and access to sanitation facilities is far from satisfactory. There is less or no focus on the software components of the sanitation but the hardware component gets the lion's share of funding. The major challenges include insufficient fund allocations, lack of effective strategies for demand creation, no or low spending on the IEC components, lack of coordination among the implementing departments and very low community participation in taking sanitation on a mission mode. The government should focus on public-private partnerships that can accelerate solutions and enhance operations and service provisions and proper steps to be taken for demand generation through mass awareness campaigns using the local media, mobile networks and creative advertisements, keeping the principles of human dignity, quality of life, shame and fame and finally the environmental security at household and community level as central focus. For taking the TSC on a mission mode the efforts have to made in establishing the village water and sanitation committees and the panchayats have to be strengthened using the non governmental organisations or local resource persons or centres. Further massive program like TSC requires intense community support and involvement, and building vision of community beyond construction and towards ownership and management is essential. [authors abstract]


With bibliography on p. 37 - 38

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