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TitleTopic 3: Sustainability check: Five year annual sustainability audits of the water supply and open defecation free status in the One Million Initiative, Moza...
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsGodfrey, S, van der Velden, M, Muianga, A, Xavier, A
Pagination19 p.
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywordsopen defecation, sustainability, water supply and sanitation
Economic changes in Western donor economies have resulted in increased attention to 
means of measuring the sustainability of Overseas Development Assistance. UNICEF, the 
Government of Mozambique and the Government of the Netherlands co-financed a USD 
45 million rural water supply and sanitation intervention termed the One Million Initiative between 2007 and 2013. This paper presents results from the annual audits in 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012 using a Sustainability Check (SC) tool. The SC was specifically developed for the programme to ensure on-going sustainability of investments far beyond the programme life span. It grades the status of rural water supplies and Open Defecation Free (ODF) communities based on a ultivariate composite model comprising institutional, social, technical, and financial dimensions. [authors abstract]


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