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TitleTaking sustainable rural water supply services to scale : a discussion paper
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsDavis, J, Iyer, P
Pagination28 p. : photogr.
Date Published2002-12-01
PublisherWater and Sanitation Program, WSP
Place PublishedNairobi, Kenya
Keywordschina, financing, ghana, india, indonesia, institutional aspects, low-income communities, manpower development, policies, rural areas, sanitation, sdiman, south africa, sustainability, triple s models, usa, water supply

Whereas many successful rural water supply (RWS) initiatives have been documented, few have evolved into sustained national programs. This paper reviews some of the issues associated with scaling up an effective RWS initiative, by which it is meant that it reaches (or is expected to reach) the vast majority of the target population with sustainable, improved services within a reasonable time frame (inclusion), and that a system of actors and institutions (public, private, and/or civic) is in place, having the necessary capacity and resources to carry out the RWS service delivery approach indefinitely (institutionalization). Four broad categories of constraints to scaling up in RWS are identified: insufficient resources, lack of knowledge/shared understanding, resistance, and untested implementation conditions. Drawing on relevant literature and empirical data from a limited number of cases, the paper offers some preliminary thoughts on these bottlenecks, and suggest an agenda for research that can yield guidelines for more scalable project design.

Notes40 ref.
Custom 1202.5, 302.5


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