|Title||Strengthening local capacities in watsan in Diang chiefdom in Sierra Leona : paper prepared for the West Africa Regional Sanitation and Hygiene Symposium, 10-12 Nov 2009, Accra, Ghana|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||A. de Francisco, G, Salvadori, M, Sesay, A|
|Pagination||4 p.; 4 refs.; 2 fig.; 2 tab.; 2 photographs|
|Keywords||communities, latrines, rural communities, sanitation, sierra leone, small communities, urban communities|
Médicos del Mundo (MdM) is an International NGO who is working in Port Loko and Koinadugu District in Sierra Leone since 2001, developing Primary Health and Water and Sanitation Activities. Diang is one of the most remote and isolate Chiefdom of Koinadugu District, in the border with Guinea, within 78 communities and 2.486 houses, covering a population of 34.860 habitants. The safe sanitation access coverage is 10% and 8% respectively in Koinadugu District and in Diang Chiefdom. During the last six months, MdM has carried out activities of Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in Diang Chiefdom. This methodology mobilizes communities to achieve the complete elimination of open defecation (OD), focusing on the Community behavioural change to promote the construction of their own latrines in order to declare “open defecation-free” villages (ODFV). MdM has facilitated the Communities to conduct their own appraisal and analysis of OD, creating 78 Health Committees and training 269 Health Motivators and 429 Community members in CLTS methodology in order to spread a low cost sanitation system in those communities. Three months after the intervention, 62% of the Communities have achieved to be decelerated as ODFV and 1.342 latrines were constructed. The total cost of this intervention was 3.000 $. Conclusion: CLTS is a successful intervention in rural areas in which sanitation coverage is very low, the budget is nonexistent and it is necessary a quick spread of these services.