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TitleSri Lanka national water development report : [prepared for the 2nd UN world water development report : water: a shared responsibility (2006)]
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsImbulana, KAUS, Wijesekera, NTS, Neupane, BR
Series VolumeUN-Water/WWAP/2006/11
Paginationxxix, 150 p. : 41 fig., 65 tab.
Date Published2006-11-01
PublisherUNESCO World Water Assessment Programme Secretariat
Place PublishedColombella, Italy
ISSN Number9558395013
Keywordsmillennium development goals, monitoring, policies, sdiasi, sdipol, sri lanka, water resources management

This comprehensive report provides a broad overview of the status of the water sector in Sri Lanka, the progress made to address the challenges related to sustainable water resources management, the efficient provision and delivery of water for different uses, and examines water-related challenges in terms of the 11 World Water Assessment Programme challenge areas. It provides an overview of the water status of Sri Lanka commencing from present scenario to management challenges that have to be incorporated for sustainable development.
In the recent past, especially in the last 50 years, Sri Lanka has reached several milestones in the water sector. The development of about 25 % of the available annual water resources, achieving near-self-sufficiency in rice production, high level of access to safe drinking water and sanitation, protection areas with high degree of biodiversity, provision of electricity to a significant proportion of the population, and the existence of a water-related knowledge base can be considered as major achievements.
However, there are several challenges and threats to these achievements. Lack of consensus about key policy issues constitutes one of the major concerns. Other issues include declining investments in some water-related sub-sectors, competition among water user sectors, climatic changes increasing the water-related risks, lack of water-sharing methodologies, and inadequacy of databases and early warning systems.
Despite the gains in certain fields, inadequate progress has been reported with respect to poverty alleviation, and controlling of water-related diseases. Declining or stagnant investments in water resources and health sectors threaten the sustainability of national achievements.

NotesBibliography: p. 121-127
Custom 1822



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