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TitleSo why do we need toilets?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsWater Research Commission -Pretoria, ZA, WRC
Paginationp. 36 -37; ill.
Date Published2013-01-01
PublisherWater Research Commission, WRC
Place PublishedGezina
Keywordssanitation, technology

Sanitation technology got a little lost in the West after the fall of Rome. In Europe during the Middle Ages, they did make use of a garderobe in castles – a protruding room with a tiny opening usually reserved for nobility, from which waste fells into the castle moat. Later this was replaced by a box and a lid. [authors abstract]

Custom 1824



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