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TitleSmall-scale water supplies in the pan-European region : background, challenges, improvements
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsRickert, B, Schmoll, O
Paginationvi, 48 p. : 4 boxes, 1 fig., photogr.
Date Published2011-01-01
PublisherWorld Health Organization Regional Office for Europe
Place PublishedCopenhagen, Denmark
Keywordscost benefit analysis, europe, sdiman, small-scale activities, water quality standards, water supply

Safe and acceptable water for human consumption that is available in sufficient quantity, physically accessible and affordable is a crucial prerequisite for human well-being. Access to safe water is not only fundamental to good health but also to satisfactory livelihoods, dignity and prospects for economic growth and education. The provision of safe and acceptable drinking-water of sufficient quantity frequently represents a challenge to small-scale water supplies. Experience has shown that it is typically their administrative, managerial and operational characteristics and resourcing specifics which set them apart from larger supplies. They are more vulnerable to breakdown and contamination than larger utilities. Many of today’s national and international policy frameworks already recognize that further attention to this topic is needed. This document is intended for supporting decision-makers, such as policy-makers or regulators in the drinking-water sector, to appreciate better and address the particularities and characteristics of small-scale water supplies. It provides a range of background information, case studies and lessons learned, and gives ideas for addressing issues relating to small-scale water supplies in national programmes. Additionally, information on further reading as well as current international networking activities with respect to smallscale water supplies is provided. [authors abstract]

NotesIncludes references
Custom 1821


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