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TitleSelf supply : a fresh approach to water for rural populations
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsSutton, S
Secondary TitleField note / WSP
Pagination10 p. : 4 boxes, 6 fig., 1 tab.
Date Published2004-11-01
PublisherWater and Sanitation Program - African Region
Place PublishedNairobi, Kenya
Keywordsappropriate technology, community management, demand responsive approaches, policies, rural communities, rural supply systems, sdiafr, sdipol, self supply, small-scale activities, zambia

Self supply is a demand-driven approach, built on the widespread desire of rural populations to invest in water solutions that directly benefit small groups or households. They invest in traditionally dug wells and scoopholes to provide convenient water supplies which they manage and maintain themselves. Many rural people value these sources for their convenience, taste, productive use and, most importantly, the sense of ownership and control bestowed. However, policymakers tend to regard them as a liability to be replaced rather than improved or augmented, and rural water supply strategies continue to concentrate on communal supplies for groups of 200 to 500 people.
Research in Zambia has found widespread grass-roots demand for small-scale water supply improvements, and has subsequently developed models by which communities could improve the quality of their supplies. These models are incorporated into the national rural water supply strategy guidelines as an option alongside conventional approaches.
Self supply builds on the widespread desire of the rural poor to invest in solutions that benefit their small group or household directly, rather than as members of what are often scattered or discordant communities. It’s components include improved availability of water from an increased number of supplies (such as traditional sources and rainwater harvesting); improved water quality (through source protection, improved water collection and storage practices, and household water treatment); and, improved water lifting for productive use. Self supply offers choice of technology, progressive upgrading, and replicability with little dependence on outside funds, enabling rapid and significant improvements to the lives of millions of people.

Notes14 ref.
Custom 1205.1, 202.3



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