More funding, standardisation of infrastructure designs and requirements, better sector coordination and better knowledge and resources sharing would help NGOs improve their WASH in schools programmes.
|Title||School WASH in Addis Ababa : landscaping study report|
|Publication Type||Research Report|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Veenkant, M, Abera, M, J., B|
|Pagination||31 p. : 3 fig., 9 tab.|
|Place Published||Addis Ababa, Ethiopia|
This report covers the efforts and experiences of 17 NGOs implementing water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programming in schools in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It is based on a study conducted by the Addis Ababa Education Bureau (AAEB), Splash Ethiopia, and IRC Ethiopia.
The report identifies what thematic areas they work in, which schools they work in, and what challenges they face. The data show that NGOs most commonly work on school WASH in integrated programs, including all three components (water, sanitation, hygiene). The largest number of organisations works at primary school level. A number of schools were identified where multiple NGOs operate at the same time, which might lead to duplication of efforts. The estimated total budget for school WASH in Addis Ababa is around 1.1 million USD (30.6 million ETB) 2010 EFY (2017/18). The ones with the biggest budgets are AHA and Splash. Foreign philanthropy is the main source of funding. No clear increasing or decreasing trend in NGO efforts on school WASH could be identified. Approximately the same number of NGOs is scaling down as is expanding or extending. Finally, a set of practical challenges to the achievement of NGO’s goals in school WASH are identified, some of which can be resolved through better sector cooperation. This list of challenges provides a good starting point for improvement of the school WASH sector.
Besides limited funding, which is reported as one of the main barriers to the achievement of NGO's goals,there is a wide range of issues that could be addressed without depending on external factors. This includes more practical standardisation of infrastructure designs and requirements, stronger sector coordination (both between government agencies, between government and NGOs, and between NGOs), and knowledge and resources sharing. NGOs all indicated their interest in a school WASH-specific forum in Addis Ababa. The development of this forum under the auspices of the AAEB's government-NGO forum would be a good starting point to build on the findings of this report.