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TitleSchool sanitation and hygiene education in Karnataka : summer internship programme 2005, UNICEF India
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsShirali, A, Saraogi, A, Menon, M, Singh, SK
Pagination52 p. : boxes, fig., tab.
Date Published2006-01-01
PublisherUNICEF India Country Office
Place PublishedNew Delhi, India
Keywordshealth education, india karnataka, personal hygiene, sanitation, schools, sdiasi, sdihyg, social aspects, water supply

The SSHE programme tries to inculcate better hygiene practices to schoolchildren and envisages the construction of toilets in all types of government schools i.e. primary, higher primary, secondary and higher secondary, and stipulates the importance of separate toilet units for boys and girls
The hardware component under the scheme is comprehensive, covering hand washing facilities, sanitation services, drinking water and the construction of a baby friendly toilet in each anganwadi (government and private). Some technical design specifications are suggested to be adhered to the construction of toilets such as leach pit toilets and use of rural pan, etc. Because of the water scarcity problem in the state during the last few years, the design for construction of toilets needs to be carefully chosen. The design selected should be cost-effective and adaptable to rural settings.
The Government of India has suggested the use of leach pit toilets with a rural pan that has a steeper gradient than the conventional pan for schools and baby friendly toilets for anganwadis. Recognising the scarcity of water in the region, not using the rural pan can critically impede the sustainable use of these toilets. To ensure long-term sustainability, the Government should make the use of rural pan mandatory.
In schools, hygiene education promotes practices encouraging healthy behavior in the future generation of adults. The combination of facilities, correct behavioral practices and education are supposed to have a positive impact as an example for the health and hygiene conditions of the community as a whole.

Notes15 ref.
Custom 1304, 822, 203.2



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