Skip to main content
TitleScanning the 2020 horizon : an analysis of trends and scenarios in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector
Publication TypeLiterature Review
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsSmits, S, Dietvorst, C, Verhoeven, J, Butterworth, J
Secondary TitleOccasional paper series / IRC
Volumeno. 45
Pagination72 p. : 13 fig., 15 tab.
Date Published2011-08-01
Place PublishedThe Hague, The Netherlands
Keywordshygiene, planning, policies, sanitation, sdipol, water supply

The document presents 21 trends IRC considers most critical to WASH sector development. It examines trends both within the WASH sector, as well as those outside the sector which have the potential to impact on the sector. Many of these are updates of factors identified in a similar exercise undertaken five years ago by IRC. In general, compared to five years ago, we see little change in the main paradigms employed in the sector, the issues discussed, the stakeholders involved, or the type and level of financing. This is not surprising as reforms take time. Based on these trends four possible scenarios were developed, representing diverging futures for the WASH sector: 1: Two steps forward; one step back for the sector; 2: New players in a less stable environment; 3: Towards a post-aid WASH sector; 4: A multi-polar WASH sector. The document concludes with reflections on how IRC has used these trends and scenarios to inform its strategic choices and the development of its business plan 2012-2016.


Bibliography: p. 68-72

Custom 1

202.3, 302.3

Citation Key70060


The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.

Back to
the top