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TitleRural village water resource management project : environmental sanitation working guideline : working draft 2008
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
AuthorsRural Village Water Resource Management Project -Dhangadhi, NP, RVWRMP
Pagination23 p.; 3 tab.
Date Published2008-01-01 ?
PublisherRural Village Water Resource Management Project, RVWRMP
Place PublishedS.l.
Keywordsaccess to sanitation, health aspects, health hazards, nepal, open defecation, poverty

Sanitation means people’s health and dignity. Inadequate sanitation has direct effect on health of individual, family, communities and nation as a whole. Simply, having sanitation facilities
increases health well- being and economic productivity. A huge amount of economic loss due to diseases burden and unproductive human energy is one of the factor of poverty in developing countries. This loss can be prevented through improved water supply and sanitation. Improved sanitation only can reduce diahorrea morbidity by 32 %. Hygienic behavior and sanitation is linked to our day- to-day life. Sanitation is not merely a physical and environmental issue but social as well. It is not only individuals concerned but mass at large. It includes social responsibility voluntarily. In the context of Nepal, the open defecation is still common practice. The population access to latrine remains 39 %. Sanitation programs have been lagging behind than water supply. Sanitation is taken as least priority in development planning and investment. Similarly, lack of consciousness in personal hygiene and open defecation is prevalent even among well educated- or trained and well off section. Investment in latrine is taken as loss of money. There is a wide gap between knowledge (98 %) and practice 30%. Such attitude is hindering factor to change the people’s behavior. Similarly only 41% schools have latrine. [authors abstract]

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