|Title||Review of frameworks for technology assessment|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Olschewski, A, Danert, K, Furey, S, Klingel, F|
|Pagination||52 p.; fig., tab.|
|Publisher||SKAT (Swiss Centre for Development Cooperation in Technology and Management)|
|Place Published||St. Gallen, Switzerland|
|Keywords||appropriate technology, decision making, sanitation services, water supply services|
A WASHTech literature review of existing frameworks for technology assessment reveals that there is a gap for a WASH technology assessment tool and a WASH technology uptake tool. The authors of the review, which supports the development of WASHTech’s Technology Assessment Framework, (TAF), conclude that a computer tool based on an algorithm is not appropriate because it is too rigid. Choosing a manageable number of appropriate indicators is key for assessing new technologies.
The uptake process, and particularly the tipping point stage between piloting and widespread adoption, is generally done badly and there is little guidance or support to be found in the literature. However, what is clear is that guiding the user through this process requires a lot of emphasis on stakeholder mapping and defining clear goals and responsibilities for all involved.
After an initial analysis of 13 related technology assessment frameworks, the following six were selected for further analysis:
In their analysis of the selected frameworks, the authors examine four key issues:
More detailed lists of indicators used in several of the frameworks are provided in an annex.