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Rainwater harvesting, quality assessment and utilization in region I

The project harnessed the potential of house rooftops as rainwater harvesters for household use, principally as drinking water. It likewise assessed the system’s technical soundness, environmental dimensions, economic feasibility as well as its social and political acceptability. Technically, the rainwater harvesting system consisting of rooftops, gutters, down spouts, filter and storage tank is capable of collecting/impounding rainwater to supply and support the drinking water needs of 8-12 members of the family throughout the six-month dry period (January-June) of the year. In terms of rainwater microbiological quality, total coliforms and Escherichia coli were of low concentrations (i,e., less than 1.1 MPN/100 ml) meeting the allowable limits set by the Philippine National Standards for Drinking Water (PNSDW). Other quality and aesthetic characteristics of collected/stored rainwater such as the presence of inorganic and organic substances through total dissolved solids as well as its total hardness adequately met the PNSDW values indicating potability of the harvested rainwater. The harvester is economically feasible especially so if construction materials would be limited to locally available ones. Economic analysis showed that the cost of the rainwater harvesting system could be recovered in two years at most. Cost of the system could be significantly lower if more than three families would share in the construction and that the harvested rainwater would be utilized for purposes other than for drinking. [authors abstract]

TitleRainwater harvesting, quality assessment and utilization in region I
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsEsguerra, A.T., Madrid, A.E., Nillo, R.G.
Paginationp. 145 - 155; 4 fig.; 1 tab.
Date Published2011-04-01
Keywordsdrinking water, philippines, rainwater harvesting, water, water quality, water shortage
Abstract

The project harnessed the potential of house rooftops as rainwater harvesters for household use, principally as drinking water. It likewise assessed the system’s technical soundness, environmental dimensions, economic feasibility as well as its social and political acceptability. Technically, the rainwater harvesting system consisting of rooftops, gutters, down spouts, filter and storage tank is capable of collecting/impounding rainwater to supply and support the drinking water needs of 8-12 members of the family throughout the six-month dry period (January-June) of the year. In terms of rainwater microbiological quality, total coliforms and Escherichia coli were of low concentrations (i,e., less than 1.1 MPN/100 ml) meeting the allowable limits set by the Philippine National Standards for Drinking Water (PNSDW). Other quality and aesthetic characteristics of collected/stored rainwater such as the presence of inorganic and organic substances through total dissolved solids as well as its total hardness adequately met the PNSDW values indicating potability of the harvested rainwater. The harvester is economically feasible especially so if construction materials would be limited to locally available ones. Economic analysis showed that the cost of the rainwater harvesting system could be recovered in two years at most. Cost of the system could be significantly lower if more than three families would share in the construction and that the harvested rainwater would be utilized for purposes other than for drinking. [authors abstract]

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The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.