|Title||Project completion report : water supply and sanitation project (loan 1459-FSM) in the Federated States of Micronesia|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||Manila, PHAsian Deve|
|Pagination||vi, 68 p. : map., tab.|
|Publisher||Asian Development Bank|
|Place Published||Manila, Philippines|
|Keywords||cost recovery, evaluation, implementation, institution building, micronesia, policies, projects, reform, safe water supply, sanitation, sdiasi, sdiman, sustainability|
An analysis of the rain patterns in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) shows that all four states (Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap) receive ample but uneven annual rainfall. During the El Nino phenomenon in the early 1990s, all the islands suffered from severe droughts. Yap, in particular, has endured a series of relatively harsh droughts, which occur every 3â€“5 years and last for several months. This situation has been aggravated by the generally old and disparate water supply systems on the islands, which need repair, maintenance, and supervision. New water sources have to be developed to address the seasonal shortages. Health indicators show a high incidence of water-related diseases, such as diarrhea and typhoid, which can be attributed directly to poor water supply, sanitation, and hygiene.
The project focused on policy reforms in the water supply sector, particularly in the areas of demand management and cost recovery.