This report provides an assessment of progress towards the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target for sanitation and drinking water, and insight into the remaining challenges.
|Title||Progress on sanitation and drinking water : 2015 update and MDG assessment|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||World Health Organization, UNICEF|
|Pagination||80 p. : 11 boxes, 52 fig., tab.|
|Publisher||World Health Organization (WHO)|
|Place Published||Geneva, Switzerland|
|ISBN Number||9 789241 509145|
This report by the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP), provides an assessment of progress towards the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target for sanitation and drinking water, and insight into the remaining challenges.
Section A provides an overview of progress against the parameters specified in the MDG target for water and sanitation, in both urban and rural areas. It presents data for the world as a whole, and compares progress across regions.
The report goes on to examine trends over the MDG period by region and by level of service. It pays particular attention to the numbers of people who have gained the highest level of service in drinking water supply – piped water on premises – and those with no service at all, who use surface water for drinking and practise open defecation.
In order to understand the nature of progress, it is important to look carefully at the way improvements in water and sanitation have benefited different socioeconomic groups. This report sheds light on equality gaps between urban and rural dwellers, and between the richest and poorest segments of the population. It presents several new ways to visualize progress on extending service to the poor, designed to reveal the nature of inequalities and give the reader insight into the great challenge that still exists in ensuring that progress reaches everyone.
The JMP was established in 1990 and is celebrating its Jubilee Year in 2015. Section B provides a retrospective analysis of the evolution of water, sanitation and hygiene monitoring over the past 25 years.
There are annexes on the JMP method; MDG regional groupings; country, regional and global estimates on water and sanitation; trends in urban and rural water and sanitation coverage for 1990–2015; and country, area or territory estimates on handwashing. (author abstract).