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TitleThe potential role of local monitoring in changing sanitation behaviour
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsHawkins, P, Muximpua, O
Pagination11 p.; 3 fig.; 2 tab.
Date Published2011-03-31
Place PublishedThe Hague, The Netherlands
Keywordsaccess to sanitation, case studies, mozambique maputo, peri-urban communities, sanitation services

In Maputo, Mozambique's largest urban centre and capital of the country, at least 33% of the population, who live mostly in peri-urban areas, still rely on inadequate and, in many cases, shared, sanitation facilities – in some cases serving more than 30 families. The Urban District of Nhlamankulo contains some of the city’s most densely-populated (>200 persons/ha) unplanned areas, including the neighbourhoods where this work was carried out (Chamanculo D, Aeroporto B and Unidade 7). Despite the gravity of this situation, families have to depend on their own initiative, seeking on-site sanitation solutions based on whatever limited information and financial resources they may have at their disposal. As a result, many sanitation facilities do not meet even basic standards of hygiene and structural safety. Although environmental health campaigns have reached these areas, many families are unaware of the real risks that their latrines can pose to themselves and their neighbours. Sanitation is not seen as a priority, and it is not uncommon for well-built houses with piped water, electricity and smart furniture to lack adequate sanitation facilities. [authors abstract]

This three-day workshop aims to identify proven good practices in the sanitation and hygiene sector, as well as drawing lessons from failures to enter into the policy dialogue. It focuses on urban sanitation with an emphasis on learning and innovation in the sector. It was organised by : UNICEF, GTZ, WSSCC, WaterAid and IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, and hosted by the Rwandan Ministry of Health.

NotesWith 7 references
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