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This learning note summarises the findings of USAID Transform WASH's activities to pilot smart and targeted sanitation subsidies in line with Ethiopia's national sanitation subsidy protocol.

TitlePiloting smart and targeted sanitation subsidies
Publication TypeBriefing Note
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsOsterwalder, L, Mebrate, E
Secondary TitleUSAID Transform WASH learning note
Pagination19 p. : 9 fig., 2 tab.
Date Published04/2023
PublisherUSAID Transform WASH and IRC WASH
Place PublishedAddis Ababa, Ethiopia
Publication LanguageEnglish

This learning note summarizes the findings of the T/WASH pilot to inform the scaling of sanitation subsidies in Ethiopia.

The main research questions for the pilot project were:

  • Woreda-level eligibility: What minimum coverage of improved sanitation should be applied as eligibility criteria?
  • Targeting: How can the poorest be identified? Do the sanitation subsidies reach the correct households?
  • Effectiveness: How many households make use of the offered subsidy? What subsidy level should be applied?
  • Smartness: Are there any indications of market distortion caused by the sanitation subsidies?
  • Implementation modalities: Can the subsidy approach (based on direct subsidies with vouchers) be replicated? What are the challenges encountered during implementation?

Includes 6 ref.

About Transform WASH

USAID Transform WASH aims to improve water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) outcomes in Ethiopia by increasing market access to and sustained use of a broader spectrum of affordable WASH products and services, with a substantial focus on sanitation. Transform WASH achieves this by transforming the market for low-cost quality WASH products and services: stimulating demand at the community level, strengthening supply chains, and improving the enabling environment for a vibrant private market.

Citation Key90650



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