Skip to main content

Disclaimer

The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.

Locations

Operation and maintenance of sanitation systems in urban low-income areas in India and Thailand : report on a joint research programme, 1989-1993

This study reviews the performance, use and operation and maintenance requirements of sanitation systems in low-income areas in India and Thailand. Specific attention is given to user attitudes and practices and to the role of authorities. The report includes an assessment of the requirements of operation and maintenance and recommendations for the planning, design, implementation of future sanitation schemes. In India research focused on the double-pit pour-flush latrine. In Thailand, the main systems studied were cesspools, septic tanks with anaerobic upflow filters and two types of treatment plants, aerated lagoons and activated sludge-aeration tanks. Other systems found in the research areas are also included such as public latrines in India and septic tanks with soakaway in Thailand. Research in India revealed that the supply-driven approach to sanitation provision resulted in 18-57 per cent of households not using their latrines. In Thailand poorly functioning systems lead to environmental pollution. In both countries local authorities lack the technical know-how to properly carry out operation and maintenance services. They also do not have a separate budget to cover these services.

TitleOperation and maintenance of sanitation systems in urban low-income areas in India and Thailand : report on a joint research programme, 1989-1993
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsWegelin-Schuringa, M.H.A.
Secondary TitleProject and programme papers / IRC
Volume6-E
Paginationx, 97 p. : 10 fig., 11 tab.
Date Published1997-01-01
PublisherIRC
Place PublishedThe Hague, The Netherlands
Keywordscesspools, field studies, financing, government organizations, india, institutional framework, low-income communities, maintenance, operation, pollution, pour flush latrines, public toilets, septic tank systems, thailand, urban areas, use of facilities, wastewater treatment
Abstract

This study reviews the performance, use and operation and maintenance requirements of sanitation systems in low-income areas in India and Thailand. Specific attention is given to user attitudes and practices and to the role of authorities. The report includes an assessment of the requirements of operation and maintenance and recommendations for the planning, design, implementation of future sanitation schemes. In India research focused on the double-pit pour-flush latrine. In Thailand, the main systems studied were cesspools, septic tanks with anaerobic upflow filters and two types of treatment plants, aerated lagoons and activated sludge-aeration tanks. Other systems found in the research areas are also included such as public latrines in India and septic tanks with soakaway in Thailand. Research in India revealed that the supply-driven approach to sanitation provision resulted in 18-57 per cent of households not using their latrines. In Thailand poorly functioning systems lead to environmental pollution. In both countries local authorities lack the technical know-how to properly carry out operation and maintenance services. They also do not have a separate budget to cover these services.

Notes108 ref.
Custom 1302.6

Downloads

Useful links

Disclaimer

The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.