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Natural resources of Sri Lanka : conditions and trends

This profile provides a comprehensive view of Sri Lanka's natural resources which are showing evidence of increasing environmental stress. Higher energy demands, a fast growing population and increasing urbanization could easily result in severe degradation of presently still abundant resources. Governmental institutions will soon be faced with a multitude of recently acquired environmental problems which will require strict legislation to promote sustainable development. A history of traditional resource management practices demonstrates the awareness of the Sri Lankan people of the dangers of resource depletion. Each natural resource is discussed in detail, both in present and projected conditions, along with the relevant institutional responses and experiences. Sri Lanka's surface and groundwater resources are threatened by annual droughts and floods, which together with occasional cyclones and landslides exacerbate an increasing water pollution problem. Well water supplies most rural community needs, with only a small percentage relying on surface water sources. Rehabilitation of centuries-old irrigation systems and improvements in water management are becoming increasingly necessary. Suggestions are given for the promotion of economically viable resource renewal and prevention of pollution and degradation. References for further information are given at the end of each chapter.

TitleNatural resources of Sri Lanka : conditions and trends
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication1991
AuthorsBaldwin, MF
Paginationxi, 280 p.: fig., tab., maps, photogr.
Date Published1991-01-01
PublisherNatural Resources, Energy and Science Authority of Sri Lanka
Place PublishedColombo, Sri Lanka
Keywordscab91/5, coasts, demography, economic aspects, energy, environmental degradation, forestry, institutional framework, land use, natural resources, policies, sri lanka, sustainable development, water pollution, water resources
Abstract

This profile provides a comprehensive view of Sri Lanka's natural resources which are showing evidence of increasing environmental stress. Higher energy demands, a fast growing population and increasing urbanization could easily result in severe degradation of presently still abundant resources. Governmental institutions will soon be faced with a multitude of recently acquired environmental problems which will require strict legislation to promote sustainable development. A history of traditional resource management practices demonstrates the awareness of the Sri Lankan people of the dangers of resource depletion. Each natural resource is discussed in detail, both in present and projected conditions, along with the relevant institutional responses and experiences. Sri Lanka's surface and groundwater resources are threatened by annual droughts and floods, which together with occasional cyclones and landslides exacerbate an increasing water pollution problem. Well water supplies most rural community needs, with only a small percentage relying on surface water sources. Rehabilitation of centuries-old irrigation systems and improvements in water management are becoming increasingly necessary. Suggestions are given for the promotion of economically viable resource renewal and prevention of pollution and degradation. References for further information are given at the end of each chapter.

NotesIncludes references
Custom 1822

Disclaimer

The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.