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TitleMultiple use water services in Ghana : scoping study
Publication TypeResearch Report
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsSmits, S, Atengdem, JA, Darteh, B, Moriarty, PB, van Koppen, B, Nyarko, K, Obuoubisa-Darko, A, Ofosu, E, Venot, J-P, Williams, T
Pagination73 p.; 5 fig.; 3 tab.; 13 photographs
Date Published2011-12-01
PublisherInternational Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Place PublishedS.l.
Keywordsghana, multiple use, multiple-use of water, service delivery, water use

In the northern belt, around half of all rural users use point sources for domestic and productive purposes. Similarly, some 50% of these people have other informal sources to complement formal supplies. Altogether, these sources provide them with what can be called a basic MUS level of service near to or at homesteads. However, there are inequities, as it is mainly people living closer to water points who can use these systems for production. In the Southern Region, formal supplies are mainly used for domestic purposes and only then to a limited extent. People in these communities often have additional sources to complement their domestic needs, in part because formal supplies underperform. Only some 20% of villagers use formal water points productively. In small towns and cities, overall service levels are a bit higher, in part because some 20% ofthe people here have household  connections. In small towns, service levels are equivalent to basic or intermediate MUS, even though only 30% of the population is engaged in productive activities such as small-scale commercial and industrial uses. The higher consumption can also be explained by a higher level of domestic uses. Self- supply plays a less important role as a complementary source of water in these small towns. [authors abstract]


With references on p. 65-69

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Citation Key74270



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