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TitleMultiple use schemes : benefit to smallholders
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsPant, D, Gautam, KR, Shakya, SD, Adhikari, DL
Secondary TitleWorking paper / IWMI
Volumeno. 114
Paginationvii, 40 p. : 3 fig., 1 map, 33 tab.
Date Published2006-01-01
PublisherInternational Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Place PublishedColombo, Sri Lanka
ISSN Number9789290906439
Keywordscrop production, domestic use, drinking water, gender, multiple use, nepal, water use

To document potential effects of Multiple Use Schemes and to determine prospects and constraints for their expansion in the hills of Nepal, the Smallholder Irrigation Market Initiative project has developed nine multiple use water schemes, three in each district ; newly constructed or up-graded and expanded, to supply water for both household use and irrigation. Various forms of intervention strategies were introduced to use the existing infrastructures for both irrigation and drinking water. Whether MUS could yield similar benefits across the wide range of socio-economic and agro-climatic conditions in the hills of Nepal was investigated. The key physical, social, economic, organizational and policy attributes that influence the outcomes, and the constraining and facilitating factors for the expansion of MUS schemes were determined.
Farmers used either drip and sprinkler technology or irrigated directly through polyethylene pipes and buckets. The system development cost per scheme varied due to the cost of materials; however, a household could recover its investment cost in one year through the sale of vegetables, the main crop grown in MUS plots after the intervention.
Women’s access to income has increased as they are involved in vegetable farming and the selling of the produce, but they do not have control over the income. Water use patterns in households have changed after the introduction of MUS, and women’s drudgery has reduced substantially due to less time required to fetch water. However, gender balance is lacking due to minimal representation of women in decision making.

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