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TitleMulti-level factors impact school attendance : what individual, school and household factors play a role in reducing school absence?
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsTeam, SWASH+Research
Pagination1 p.
Date Published2012-01-01
PublisherCARE Kenya
Place PublishedNairobi, Kenya
Keywordskenya nyanza province, kenya western region, monitoring, schools

Educational attainment has a broad range of benefits for both individuals and society as a whole. Increased educational attainment is associated with increased individual productivity and higher wages, and with a higher gross domestic product (GDP). The challenges of ensuring access to education cannot be addressed by enrollment data alone; incorporating absenteeism data into assessments provides a more comprehensive assessment of children’s educational attainment. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) both at school and at home, can influence rates of absence and enrollment in developing countries. When children must fetch drinking water for use at school or home, absence from school is more likely to occur. This study examines the links between primary school attendance in western Kenya and school and household WASH conditions from a multi-level perspective, combining individual-, household-, and school-level data to assess how factors may play a role in reducing school absence. [authors abstract]

This is a one-page summary based on the report, ‘Water, sanitation, and primary school absence: a multi-level assessment of determinants of household-reported absence in Kenya’.

This is a SWASH+ -output.

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