|Title||More, better, or different spending? Trends in public expenditure on water and sanitation in Sub-Saharan Africa|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||van Ginneken, M, Netterstrom, U, Bennett, A|
|Secondary Title||Water papers|
|Pagination||xii, 105 p.; tab.; fig.; boxes|
|Place Published||Washington, DC, USA|
|Keywords||access to sanitation, access to water, sub-saharan africa, water supply|
Improvements in water supply and sanitation access in Sub-Saharan Africa have fallen short of national and international targets. Past explanations for this slow progress toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) include lack of capacity, low levels of financing, inappropriate technologies, and institutional and governance challenges. This overview paper zooms in on the public financing for water supply and sanitation (WSS) in the anticipation that knowledge of the quantity, quality, and drivers of public expenditure is a prerequisite for governments and donors to adjust their policy and practice, which is itself a prerequisite to improved access to WSS. This overview paper aims to determine the size and composition of the flow of funds, assess the quality of public spending, and identify common issues in public expenditure in the water sector. How much public money (domestic resources and donor financing) was budgeted for the sector? Was it spent in a timely manner? Who benefits from public spending? What are the major bottlenecks in increasing expenditure and the efficiency of these expenditures?