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TitleMonitoring systems for incentive programs : learning from large-scale rural sanitation initiatives in India
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsKumar, A, Singh, U, Prakash, M
Secondary TitleGuidance notes / WSP
Pagination16 p.; 1 box; 2 tab.; 6 fig.
Date Published2010-11-01
PublisherWater and Sanitation Program, WSP
Place PublishedNew Delhi, India
Keywordsaccess to sanitation, environmental sanitation, india, monitoring, open defecation, rural areas, rural communities, rural development, sanitation, sanitation services

This guidance note is one in a series of knowledge products designed to showcase project findings, assessments, and lessons learned in the global scaling up Rural Sanitation project. This paper is conceived as a work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues. In India, the concept of Open-Defecation Free (ODF) communities, as an objective, has been a part of the guidelines of the national rural sanitation program, the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC), since 1999. However, a major thrust was received with the introduction of national-level reward programs such as the Nirmal Gram Puraskar (NGP) and state-level reward programs by a few states such as Maharashtra. Global scaling up rural sanitation is a Water and sanitation program (WSP) project focused on learning how to combine the approaches of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), behavior change communications, and social marketing of sanitation to generate sanitation demand and strengthen the supply of sanitation products and services at scale, leading to improved health for people in rural areas. It is a large-scale effort to meet the basic sanitation needs of the rural poor who do not currently have access to safe and hygienic sanitation. The project is being implemented by local and national governments with technical support from WSP. [authors abstract]

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