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TitleMonitoring and evaluation in respect of rural water supply schemes in Maharashtra and Karnataka : Maharashtra state : report
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsIN, IRajiv Gand, Water and Power Consultancy Services (India) -New Dehli, IN, WAPCOS
Paginationv, 66 p. : fig., tab.
Date Published1998-08-01
PublisherWater and Power Consultancy Services (India)
Place PublishedNew Delhi, India
Keywordsaccess to water, attitudes, beliefs, community participation, evaluation, india maharashtra, institutional aspects, maintenance, operation, questionnaires, rural areas, safe water supply, sanitation, sdiasi, water quality, willingness to pay

Efforts by the central and state governments of India have resulted in 85.7% of the rural population being covered with safe drinking water as of 1997. With the aim of achieving full provision of safe drinking water to the rural population of one state, Maharashtra, by the year 2000, a RGNDWM (Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission) sponsored "Monitoring and Evaluation Study of Rural Water Supply Schemes", conducted in March 1998, sets out to assess the present coverage and status of rural water supply schemes and people responses and perceptions about the coverage in different periods during a year, to evaluate water quality problem areas, to investigate the operation and maintenance status of water supply schemes and willingness to pay more by beneficiaries, and to monitor the current attitudes and practices on water supplies through community participation. For this study, carried out in eight districts of Maharashtra State, 1800 households in 120 villages were interviewed. The results of the study are outlined in this report. Chapter 1 presents a general introduction to rural water supplies in India; while chapter 2 details rural water supplies in Maharashtra including organizational aspects. Chapter 3 discusses the existing position of rural water supplies in the sample villages and, as well as technical information, details about community participation show that villagers are mostly uninvolved, leaving elected panchayats to take care of their needs, and that there is no awareness campaign to conserve water or share the limited supplies. An education drive regarding elementary hygiene, sanitation and safe drinking water supplemented by a publicity campaign is advocated to improve sanitation and disease control. Chapter 4 presents the highlights of the household survey in selected villages. The recommendations in the final chapter stress the need to accelerate the program in view of fast depleting groundwater resources, to encourage community empowerment as the key to ensure project sustainability and reduction of costs, and to implement systematic management and monitoring of water supply schemes at the village level.

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