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TitleLow cost systems for the management of sludge from toilets and shower units : current techniques and improved options in Ambositra and Mahanoro, Mad...
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsPapendrecht, NLPractica -, USAID -Washington, DC, US. Centre for Development Information and Evaluation
Pagination42 p.; ill.; fig.; tab.; photographs
Date Published2011-05-01
PublisherWASH_plus U.S. Agency
Place PublishedWashington, DC, USA
Keywordsaccess to sanitation, excreta collection, excreta disposal systems, faecal-disposal diseases, madagascar, sludge management

This assessment found that although the demand for formal pit emptying services is high, there is a lack of treatment plants and few pit emptiers. The day laborers who are hired to perform this filthy job face serious health hazards, engage in questionable disposal practices, and lack the capacity to improve the quality of their services. This assessment proposes innovative low-cost options for fecal sludge management in three areas: sludge removal/transfer, transportation, and disposal/treatment.[authors abstract]

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