|Title||Looking back : the long-term impacts of water and sanitation projects|
|Year of Publication||2001|
|Pagination||28 p. : photogr.|
|Place Published||London, UK|
|Keywords||environmental impact, ethiopia, gender, ghana, health impact, impact assessment, income, india, participatory methods, projects, sanitation, schools, sdiman, socioeconomic impact, sustainability, tanzania, water collection time, water supply|
This is a condensed version of the WaterAid research report "Looking back: participatory impact assessment of older projects". It is based on a 12-month participatory study in 1999/2000, which looked into the long-term impact of WaterAid-supported projects carried out in Ethiopia, Ghana, India and Tanzania between 1991 and 1993. The study concluded that water supply and sanitation projects not only contributed to expected improvements to health and reduction in time spent collecting water, but also significantly improved household income levels and security of livelihoods. Increased school attendance occurred along with better child care, social and cultural benefits such as reductions in stress levels, increased status and self-esteem, better family and community relations, and increased ability to observe religious rites and customs. There were no clear differences in impact for target groups based on income level and gender. The environmental impact in several projects was both positive and significant. Project impact depended equally on both technical quality of works and effective management. Continued and on-going support to communities facilitated sustained development within the communities.
|Original Publication||Tanzania looking back : a participatory impact assessment of older water supply and sanitation improvement projects supported by WaterAid in selected villages of Dodoma region in Tanzania|